Location and Land Area
Location, land area, and political subdivisions The Province of Apayao is one of the six provinces of the Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR). It is located at the northwestern part of Luzon. It is bounded on the East and North by the Province of Cagayan, on the West by the Province of Ilocos Norte and Abra, on the South by the Province of Kalinga. (Figure 1 Regional Location) It was created by virtue of Republic Act No. 7878 providing for the conversion of the sub-provinces of Kalinga and Apayao into regular provinces to be known as the province of Kalinga and the province of Apayao, amending Republic Act No. 4695. The province is composed of 7 municipalities and 134 barangays with 2 administrative barangays and geographically subdivided into two separate regions the Upper and Lower Apayao. Upper Apayao is composed of the upland municipalities of Calanasan, Conner and Kabugao. Lower Apayao is composed of the lowland municipalities of Luna, Pudtol, Flora and Sta. Marcela. As buttressed in Republic Act 7878, the Municipality of Kabugao remains to be the Capital town, while, the Municipality of Luna is the newly designated provincial government center. Although, Apayao has the lowest population among CAR provinces, it also yields the largest land area which in effect denotes the lowest population density in CAR.